عنوان مقاله [English]
Concerns about how to teach architecture in schools of architecture were highlighted in 1976 at the University of California-Berkeley. The reasons for dissatisfaction with structural education in the schools of architecture at that time were summarized as follows: Separation of the field of knowledge of "structure" from other fields of knowledge in the field of architecture and inconsistency of structural concepts with the process Architectural design, traditional teaching methods, and concepts branched out from the curriculum in civil engineering schools that have not been developed to meet the needs of architects, superficial and weak concepts that are not satisfactory for the topics and technical needs of architecture. Many researchers have sought to investigate the causes of this problem and answer it. This article provides an overview of the research that has taken place in the field, and also examines the structural education curriculum at several selected universities, including Berkeley University, which initiated the movement. The results of this study show that teaching the basics and generalities of structure to architects is the first step in teaching structure. Understanding the behavior of structures and using structures as a creative force in design are higher educational goals that require educational activities on campus. The results of research show that working with physical models of structures, using structural software and also performing structural design exercises under the architectural design process, are among the effective activities in this regard. The use of physical models affects the initial understanding of the behavior of structures. Computer simulations of structural models visualize more complex analyzes of the behavior of structures, and perform structural design exercises under architectural design to teach the application of structural knowledge in Emphasizes architectural design.
Teaching architects the basics of structure in order to use it in solving architectural design problems. Therefore, it is necessary to teach the application of theoretical knowledge of structure in architectural design. This can be done with design exercises along with structural theoretical training. . This research has been done by collecting data libraries as well as content analysis-research method.
. The purpose of this study was to find effective methods tested for structural education for architects.
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