فرآیند طراحی یکپارچه ساختمان سبز: عوامل انسانی و راهکارها

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت، تهران، ایران

2 گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر، تهران، ایران

چکیده

فرایند طراحی یکپارچه به‌عنوان یکی از رویکردهای معماری پایدار به تحقق ساختمان سبز کمک می‌کند و برخلاف فرایندهای طراحی سنتی، مباحث پایداری را به‌صورت یکپارچه با سایر عوامل مؤثر در فرایند طراحی ساختمان در نظر می‌گیرد. پژوهش‌های انجام شده در حوزه فرایند طراحی یکپارچه همچنان دارای ابهاماتی درخصوص چیستی و چگونگی بهره‌گیری از آن است که منجر به استفاده محدود از این فرایند در ساختمان‌سازی سبز شده است. این پژوهش با هدف ارائه نگرشی جامع به فرایند طراحی یکپارچه برای فعالان عرصه ساختمان‌سازی انجام شده و ارکان فرایند طراحی یکپارچه را با استفاده از روش مرور سیستماتیک کیفی و سنتز مضمونی ارائه نموده است. مراحل طراحی، اهداف، عوامل انسانی و راهکارهای فرایند طراحی یکپارچه به‌عنوان چهار رکن اصلی فرایند طراحی یکپارچه شناسایی شد و با توجه به مطالعات پیشین در دو حوزه مراحل طراحی و اهداف فرایند طراحی یکپارچه، دو رکن عوامل انسانی و راهکارها از میان چهار رکن اصلی، موضوع اصلی پژوهش قرار گرفت. در انتها مضامین حاصل از سنتز مربوط به رکن عوامل انسانی فرایند طراحی یکپارچه در دو زیرمجموعه نقش عوامل و ویژگی‌های آنها و مضامین مربوط به راهکارهای فرایند طراحی یکپارچه مرتبط با دو مرحله طراحی و پیش‌طراحی، هرکدام در پنج حوزه آب، سایت، مصالح و منابع، انرژی و اتمسفر، کیفیت فضای داخل ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Integrated Design Process of Green Buildings: Peoples and Strategies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyede Elham Farhanian 1
  • Seyed Abbas Agha Yazdanfar 1
  • Ehsan Arab Anvari 2
1 University of Science & Technology
2 University of Art
چکیده [English]

Integrated design process encourages integration of team members in design phase of green building project through intense collaborative processes and free exchange of information and, unlike traditional design processes, considers sustainability discussions as integrated with other effective factors in the building design process. An integrated design process considering the interrelatedness of both problems and solutions, can help create more sustainable designs. The problems we face are intertwined and effective design solutions will have to account for this reality. Still, designers often apply exclusively reductionist approaches to generate designs. The research done in the integrated design process still has some ambiguity about what and how to use it, which has led to a limited use of this process in the construction of green. One way to address this issue is to reduce ambiguity in the integrated design. Although integration in design general an integrated design in particular have been well theorized by construction management research community, there exist no systematic mechanism in the field to help owners, architects, and management of green project team assess the level of integration in their project’ integrated design team envirentment in the practical manner.
This research aims to build a more complete definition of integrated design process, its guiding strategies, and its people by systematically surveying a broad scope of sustainable design literature. Integrated design process does not guarantee sustainable design outcomes. It may, however, offer more opportunity than traditional design approaches for designers to create sustainable solutions to our most pressing issues. This paper describe research to define and unify elements of integrated design process and provide an integrated approach to the integrated design process for the building actors. Elements were identified through a systematic review of references describing theories, perspectives, and practices from multipie design deciplines. These elements were coded and then organized using thematic analysis. Systematic literature reviews are conducted primarily to: summarize the existing literature around a subject, identify gaps in current research, and provide a framework or background to position future research. For this application, the systematic literature review will show overlap between design disciplines and provide a framework to position future research on whole systems design. As adapted from an established review method, the literature review included three stages: (1) planning the review, (2) conducting the review, and (3) reporting the review.
The design stages, goals, peoples and strategies of integrated design process were identified as the four main pillars of the integrated design process and according to previous studies in two areas of design process and objectives of the integrated design, two pillars of peoples and strategies are the main subject of the research. Finally, the content resulted from the synthesis of people element cetegorised in two subsets of the role of factors and their characteristics. The content about the startegies in two stages of design and pre - design, each in the five areas of water, site, materials and resources, energy, atmosphere and indoor air quality presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Integrated design process
  • Green building
  • People
  • strategies